French Polishing
by B.N. Beechey

Softcover
155 x 250mm
174pp

Published by Sterling Publishing Co. Inc., New York USA

R.R.P.$29.90

ISBN 0-9775691-0-1

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Extract from back cover of book:

Contents

SECTION 1. CRAFTSMANSHIP IN FRENCH POLISHING
- The French Polishing Trade
- The Qualifications of a Craftsman
- Desirable Work Habits
- Cleanliness
- Knowledge of Materials

SECTION 2. TOOLS & EQUIPMENT
- Chisel
- Cabinet Scraper
- Painters' Scraper
- Knives
- Utility Tools
- Brushes
- Care of Brushes
- Methods of Holding Work
Questions on Section 2

SECTION 3. MATERIALS USED IN PREPARATION OF WOOD SURFACES
- Stoppings
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Stoppings
- Pudding
- Abrasive Materials
- Grading of Abrasive Grit Grains
- Coating of Abrasives
- Paper Backings
- Waterproofed or Wet-or-Dry Papers
- Sanding Blocks
- Steel Wool
- Dusting Brush
Questions on Section 3

SECTION 4. COLOUR
- The Use of Colour
- Light & Colour
- Colour of Opaque Objects
- Pigment Colours
- Basic Colour Groups
- Shades and Tints
- Transparent Dye Solution
- Complementary Colours
- Effects obtained with Colours
- Colour Scheme.
Questions on Section 4

SECTION 5. STAINS
- Classification of Stains
- Coal Tar Dyes used for Staining
- Colour Names and Trade Symbols
- Resistance to Fading
- Dyes for Volatile Oil Stains
- Materials for Water Staining
- Pigments for Staining
- Bituminous Stains
- Preservative Oil Stains
- Spirit Stains
- Chemical Stains
- Preparation of Stains
- Preparation of Water Stains
- Preparation of Spirit Stains
- Preparation of Chemical Stains
- Preparation of Volatile Oil Stains
- Preparation of Pigment Oil Stains
- Preparation of Bituminous Oil Stains
- Preparation of Preservative Oil Stains
- Comparison of Stain Characteristics
- Dangerous Effects of some Solvent Fumes.
Questions on Section 5

SECTION 6. FILLERS
- Fillers
- Body Materials of Fillers
- Vehicles for Body Materials
- Driers for Fillers
- Thinners for Fillers
- Colouring Materials for Fillers
- Formulae for the Preparation of Fillers
- Mixing of Fillers
- Consistency of Fillers
- Addition of Colouring Matter to Fillers
- Matching Colours for Stain and Filler.
Questions on Section 6

SECTION 7. PREPARATION OF POLISH
- Shellac
- The Origin of Shellac
- The Manufacture of Shellac
- Composition of Lac
- Bleached Lac
- Effect of Heat on Shellac
- Effect of Age on Shellac
- Solvents for Shellac
- Preparation of Shellac Polish
- Filtering the Polish
- Container for Polish
- Effect of Moisture on Polish.
Questions on Section 7

SECTION 8. POLISHING RUBBERS
- Polishing Rubbers
- Materials for Making the Rubber
- Making the Rubber
- The Size of the Rubber
- Care of the Rubber
Questions on Section 8

SECTION 9. PREPARATION OF WOOD SURFACES FOR POLISHING
- Necessity for Preparing - Wood Surfaces
- Common Surface Blemishes
- Machine Marks
- Bruises
- Blisters
- Cross-sanding Marks
- Glue Residue
- Dirt and Grease Marks
- Water Marks
- Pencil Marks
- Stopping
- Preparations for Stopping
- The Application of Shellac as a Stopping
- The Application of Plastic Wood as a Stopping
- The Application of Wax as a Stopping
- The Application of Water Putty as a Stopping
- The Application of Lacquer Putty as a Stopping
- The Application of Oil Putty as a Stopping
- Sanding and Smoothing
- The Inspection of Surfaces before Sanding
- Methods of using Sandpaper
- Sanding Flat Surfaces
- Sanding Shaped Surfaces
- Dusting Sanded Surfaces
- Sponging and Re-sanding
Questions on Section 9

SECTION 10. STAINING
- Necessity for Staining
- Basic Colour Combinations
- Testing Stains for Colour
- The General Application of Stains
- The Application of Water Stains
- The Application of Pigment Oil Stains
- The Application of Bituminous Oil Stains
- The Application of Volatile Oil Stains
- The Application of Preservative Oil Stains
- The Application of Spirit Stains
- The Application of Chemical Stains
Questions on Section 10

SECTION 11. FILLING
- Preparation of Surfaces for Filling
- Coating with Shellac
- The Application of Fillers
- Drying Period before Wiping off
- Wiping off Fillers
- Filling Carvings
- Drying Time after Filling-in
- Fire Risk
Questions on Section 11

SECTION 12. COATING
- The Place of Coating in the Polishing Process
- Inspection of Surface and Removal of Surplus Filler
- Methods of Coating
- Coating with a Mop Brush
- Coating Open Panels with a Map Brush
- Coating Enclosed Panels with a Mop Brush
- Coating Frame Work with a Mop Brush
- Coating Narrow Edges with a Mop Brush
- Coating Chairs with a Map Brush
- Coating Turned Work with a Mop Brush
- Coating with a Swooge
- Swooging Open Panels
- Swooging Enclosed Panels
- Swooging Frame Work
- Swooging Turned Work
- Number of Coats
- Drying Period for Coats
- Smoothing after Coating
Questions on Section 12

SECTION 13. SKINNING-IN
- Definition of Skinning-in
- Charging the Skinning-in Rubber
- Recharging the Rubber
- The Use of Pressure with the Skinning-in Rubber
- Skinning-in Small Areas
- Applying the Skinning-in Rubber
- Rubber Movements for Skinning-in
- The Use of Pumice Powder in Skinning-in
- Finishing off the Skinning-in Process
- Soft Stopping at the Stage of Skinning- in
- Keeping Edges Clean during Skinning-in
- The Use of Light in Skinning-in
- The Use of Methylated Spirits in Skinning-in
- Skinning-in Enclosed Surfaces
- The Use of Oil in Skinning-in
Questions on Section 13

SECTION 14. MATCHING-UP AND COLOURING
- Matching-up
- Use of Colour in Matching-up
- Principles Governing Matching-up
- Examples of the Need for Matching-up
- Preparation of Colours for Matching-up
- Testing for Colour before Matching-up
- The Application of Matching-up Colours
- Finishing off the Matching-up
- Colouring
- Methods employed in Colouring
- Colouring over Inferior Finishes
Questions on Section 14

SECTION 15. BODYING-UP
- The Place of Bodying-up in the Polishing Process
- Preparation of the Job for Bodying-up
- The Bodying-up Rubber
- Charging the Bodying-up Rubber
- The Application of the Bodying-up Rubber
- The Use of Oil in Bodying-up
- Soft Stopping at the Stage of Bodying-up
- The Use of Methylated Spirits in Bodying-up
- Bodying-up Enclosed Surfaces
- Finishing off the Bodying-up Process
Questions on Section 15

SECTION 16. STIFFING-UP
- Definition of Stiffing-up
- Preparation of a Job for Stiffing-up
- The Stiffing-up Rubber
- Charging the Stiffing-up Rubber
- Applying the Stiffing-up Rubber
- Time Factors involved in Stiffing-up
- Use of Methylated Spirits in Stiffing-up
- Finishing Small Open Panels
- Finishing Long Open Panels
- Finishing Small Enclosed Surfaces
- Finishing Relatively Large Enclosed Surfaces
- Finishing Frame Work
- The Velvet Rubber
Questions on Section 16

SECTION 17. RUBBING-OUT
- Definition of Rubbing-out
- Preparation of the Job far Rubbing-Out
- The "Ben" Rubber
- Charging the "Ben" Rubber
- Applying the "Ben" Rubber
- Rubbing-out Enclosed Surfaces
- The Use of Sulphuric Acid in Rubbing-out
- The Use of the Hands in Rubbing-Out
- The Use of Precipitated Chalk in Rubbing-out
Questions on Section 17

SECTION 18. PATCHING, GRAINING AND TOUCHING-UP
- Definition of Terms
- Patching or Graining Veneers from which Patches have been Removed
- Patching or Graining Repairs made by the Cabinetmaker
- Touching-up
Questions on Section 18

SECTION 19. FUMING
- Definition and Purpose of Fuming
- Preparation of a Job for Fuming
- Method of Fuming
- Wet Method of Applying Ammonia
- Finishing off after Fuming
Questions on Section 19

SECTION 20. BLEACHING
- Definition and Purpose of Bleaching
- Preparation of a Job for Bleaching
- How Bleaching is Induced
- Formulae for Bleaching Solutions
- Precautions to be Observed in Bleaching
- Drying Period allowed after Bleaching
- Tinting after Bleaching
- Filling-in after Bleaching
- Finishing Bleached Jobs
Questions on Section 20

SECTION 21. TREATMENT OF DECORATIVE WORK
- Kinds of Decorative Work
- Treatment of Inlays
- Method of Coating Inlays
- Spirit Staining or Colouring over Inlays
- The Completion of the Treatment of Inlays
- Transfers
- Kinds of Transfers
- Preparation for the Application of Transfers
- Application of Transfers
- Completion of Work with Transfers
- Incised Ornament
- Preparation for the Treatment of Incised Ornament
- Application of Colouring Material to Incised Ornament
- Carvings
Questions on Section 21

SECTION 22. TREATMENT OF DECORATIVE WORK
- Dulling
- Wax Finishing
- Dry Shining
Questions on Section 22

SECTION 23. TREATMENT OF DECORATIVE WORK
- Spirit Varnishes and Spirit Lacquers
- Materials used in Spirit Varnishes
- Materials used in Spirit Lacquers
- Preparation of Spirit Varnishes and Spirit Lacquers
- Preparation of a Job for the Application of Spirit Varnishes or Spirit Lacquers
- Methods of Applying Spirit; Varnishes or Spirit Lacquers
Questions on Section 23

SECTION 24. TREATMENT OF DECORATIVE WORK
- Treatment of New Floors
- Preparation of New Floors for Treatment
- Choice of Stains for the Treatment of New Floors
- Finishing Materials used in the Treatment of New Floors
- Treatment of Old Floors
Questions on Section 24

SECTION 25. TREATMENT OF DECORATIVE WORK
- Repolishing Old Work
- Refinishing an Old Surface
- Paint and Varnish Removers
- Preparation of Paint and Varnish Removers
- Application of Paint and Varnish Removers
- Stripping the Softened Surface
- Precautions after Stripping
- Dangerous Fumes from Benzol
Questions on Section 25

SECTION 26. TREATMENT OF DECORATIVE WORK
- Suitable Surfaces
- Preparation of Reviver
- Application of the Reviver
Questions on Section 26

INDEX